Vitreous Enamel is an extraordinary material. Extraordinary in its performance as well as in its appearance. Thus enamelled products have to be produced with care.
So the European Enamel Authority (EEA) made it to its business, to develop, maintain and audit "Quality Requirements“, which are continuously harmonised between the EEA member associations.
In this context we would like to mention our recently published EEA Guideline 1001: Migration from enamelled articles made for food contact – Method of test and permissible limits which could be downloaded from our download page.
Following you will find a short description of that broschure.
EEA Guideline 1001 : Migration from enamelled articles made for food contact – Method of test and permissible limits
Producers of porcelain enamelled articles, testing institutes and national reference labs have no clear references on how to test porcelain enamelled surfaces for food contact compliancy after regulation 1935/2004/EC. Porcelain enamels do not fit in any of the 17 FCM groups mentioned in annex I of the Framework Regulation (EC) N°1935/2004. The group 3, Ceramics, is very similar to Porcelain Enamels, and for this group the European Directive 84/500/EEC of October 1984 is used for testing food contact compliancy. Although that Porcelain enameled articles are also not described in the scope of this directive, This directive is used by most institutes and national reference labs for testing porcelain enamel. In some countries, for example Austria, the porcelain enameled articles are even mentioned in the scope of the national adoption of the directive for ceramics.
But during last years, a lot of testing institutes do not longer accept to test migration of cook ware at room temperature, and want to perform the test at elevated temperatures. Because of the fact that the regulation 10/2011/EC for plastics, contains a testing method for contact with acidic food (pH
From EEA, we believe that the migration of metal-ions from enamelled articles requires effective means of control to ensure the protection of the population against possible hazards arising from the use of improperly formulated, applied and fired enamels and/or inorganic decorations on the food contact surfaces of enamelled articles used for the preparation of foodstuffs. The European Enamel Authority has for this reason, written following testing method and permissible limits : EEA-Guideline 1001 „Migration from enamelled articles made for food contact – Method of test and permissible limits“.